MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING
Preservation, Restoration and Development of Philippine National Railways Living Museum and Heritage Village
Parties to this MOU
This Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) is between the Railways and Industrial Heritage Society of the Philippines, Inc. (RIHSPI) and the Philippine National Railways
Purpose and Objectives
The purpose of the MOU is to make certain the preservation, restoration and development of Philippine National Railways Heritage equipment and buildings. This MOU will implement tasks aimed at providing agreements for the preservation, restoration and development of a Philippine National Railways Living Museum and Heritage Village.
The objectives of this MOU are to:
- Ensure the declaration of historic train stations as National Historical Landmark by the Philippine National Historical Institute.
- Prepare a long term plan for the development of a Philippine National Railways Living Museum and Heritage Village as a premier tourist destination of the Philippines.
- Conduct an inventory and documentation of Philippine railways heritage and historical resources,
- Generate railways preservation, restoration and development awareness through the creation of a National Train Day celebration.
- Establish an effective coordination process between the RIHSPI and Philippine National Railways concerning the preservation, restoration and development of Philippine National Railways Heritage equipment and buildings.
Declaration of Paco Railroad Station as a National Historical Landmark
The Paco Railroad station celebrated its 100 years this year. The Paco railroad station came into being on March 25, 1908 when the Manila Belt Line from Tutuban to Paco Station and the railroad line from Paco Station to Binakayan, Cavite was opened. Furthermore, the Paco Railroad Station to Muntinlupa line was inaugurated on June 21, 1908. With the closure of the Manila-Dagupan line in the early 1990s, the Tutuban to Muntinlupa line is now the oldest railroad line still in operation here in the Philippines.
The present Paco Railroad Station building was constructed starting in 1912 and by 1915, the station was already complete. Paco Railroad Station is older than the Manila Post Office, Old Congress Building, Metropolitan Theater, or the Manila City Hall and was featured in the 1922 report prepared by the Philippine Commission of Independence parliamentary mission to the United States of America.
The Paco Railroad Station was also the scene of a heroic battle during World War II and the recapture of the station led to the crucial defeat of the remaining Japanese forces in Manila.
Under this MOU, RIHSPI and PNR will jointly spearhead the declaration of Paco Railroad Station as a National Historical Landmark. RIHSPI will conduct research and prepare the historical background of Paco Railroad Station and PNR will inform the different government agencies and stakeholders of the future preservation, restoration and development plans for Paco Railroad Station.
Philippine National Railways Living Museum and Heritage Village Development Plan
Under this MOU, RIHSPI and PNR agrees to prepare a long term plan for the development of Philippine National Railways Living Museum and Heritage Village as a premier tourist destination of the Philippines. The plan will include the preservation and restoration of train stations, buildings and equipment, the establishment of the National Railway Living Museum and Heritage Village to house the different railways artifacts, equipment, memorabilia, photographs, maps, plans, drawings and ephemera.
Inventory and Documentation of Philippine Railways Heritage and Historical Resources
Under this MOU, RIHSPI and PNR agrees to conduct an inventory and documentation of Philippine Railways Heritage and Historical Resources. RIHSPI will provide the manpower and resources needed to carry out the inventory and documentation. PNR will secure access permit for the RIHSPI to the different railways installation.
National Train Day
On May 8, 1938, President Manuel Luis Quezon drove the traditional golden spike that symbolized the union of the old Southern lines and the Bicol region to Manila and the Northern lines. The line was finally connected at Del Gallego and culminated more than 50 years of railroad construction in the Philippines. The railroad led to the development and prosperity of the regions along the line and train stations became the focal point of every Philippine community. However, after the grand celebration in 1938, World War II destroyed most of infrastructure and rolling stock of the different railways of the Philippines. Furthermore, the reconstruction and modernization of Philippine railways were hampered by the rise of automobile usage and the prioritization of highway construction.
In the present time, there is a concern about ecology and energy conservation. Rail riding is a great way of reducing carbon footprint and is more energy-efficient mode of travel than either car or airplane. To address this concern, the Philippine government is now adding new lines and reconstructing the old railways.
In order to raise the awareness of the vital role railways play in Philippine transportation system and to generate preservation, restoration and development interests among the general public, we propose a National Train Day will be celebrated every 8th of May. Under this MOU, RIHSPI and DOTC will prepare the plans and program for the First National Train Day celebration on May 8, 2010.
Coordination meetings between RIHSPI and PNR will occur as needed to fulfill the purpose of this agreement and to promote public awareness of the preservation, restoration and development of Philippine National Railways heritage equipment and buildings. The terms of this agreement will be reviewed on an as needed basis. The terms of this agreement do not supersede, substitute, or replace any legal or regulatory standards under the laws of the Republic of the Philippines.
The principal contacts for this agreement are:
Jaime F. Tiongson
Railways and Industrial Heritage Society of the Phils., Inc.
PnR Mansion, Quirino Ave. Paco, Manila
Railways and Industrial Heritage Society of the Phils. Inc.
PnR Mansion, Quirino Ave., Paco, Manila
Hon. Manuel Andal
Philippine National Railways
Republic of the Philippines